[Corte cost., sent. 220/2013] La Corte costituzionale “suggerisce” (sommessamente) il percorso formale da seguire per procedere alle riforme istituzionali in materia di ordinamento degli Enti territoriali

ItaliaCon la pubblicazione della sentenza 220/2013, si chiariscono infine le motivazioni che hanno indotto la Corte costituzionale ad accogliere, almeno in parte, le impugnative regionali proposte nei confronti dei d.l. 201/2011 e 95/2012, contenenti le disposizioni sul c.d. “riordino” delle Province.

Nel merito del giudizio, deve premettersi come le regioni Piemonte, Lombardia, Veneto, Molise, Lazio e Campania e le Regioni autonome Valle d’Aosta, Sardegna e Friuli-Venezia Giulia avessero promosso questioni di legittimità costituzionale di numerose disposizioni contenute nei summenzionati decreti; in tal senso il Giudice delle leggi fornisce preliminarmente un’ampia ricostruzione “in fatto” del quadro normativo di riferimento e delle dettagliate censure regionali – analizzate partitamente – confinando le questioni che investono la normativa inerente il c.d. “riordino” delle Province soltanto alle censure sollevate contro i co. 4, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 20 bis, 21 e 22, dell’art. 23, d.l. 201/2011, e contro gli artt. 17 e 18, d.l. 95/2012, per l’asserita violazione degli artt. 1, 2, 3, 5, 72, 77, 97, 114, 117, 118, 119, 120 e 138 Cost., nonché di diverse disposizioni dei relativi Statuti di autonomia speciale, e del principio di leale collaborazione.

Le numerose, impegnative, considerazioni di ordine anche teorico implicate dalla analisi costituzionale della disciplina statale di riorganizzazione degli Enti territoriali – invero adottata nel contesto di un ampio progetto di riforma istituzionale e di razionalizzazione economico-finanziaria – sono però superate, e dunque non direttamente affrontate, dalla Corte con una motivazione che induce all’accoglimento dei ricorsi regionali, in effetti, ma per ragioni di ordine (apparentemente) formale, basate su un rigoroso – ed apprezzabile – scrutinio di legittimità della fonte del diritto prescelta dal Legislatore per incardinare il suddetto percorso di riforma: sono infatti dichiarate fondate le questioni di legittimità dell’art. 23, co. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19 e 20, d.l. 201/2011, e degli artt. 17 e 18, d.l. 95/2012, promosse per violazione dell’art. 77 Cost.

In primo luogo, la Consulta osserva come l’art. 117, co. 2, lett. p), Cost. attribuisca alla competenza legislativa esclusiva dello Stato la disciplina di: «legislazione elettorale, organi di governo e funzioni fondamentali di Comuni, Province e Città metropolitane»; la normativa oggetto della premessa competenza materiale ha dunque natura “ordinamentale” e, pertanto, non può «essere interamente condizionata dalla contingenza, sino al punto da costringere il dibattito parlamentare sulle stesse nei ristretti limiti tracciati dal secondo e terzo comma dell’art. 77 Cost., concepiti dal legislatore costituente per interventi specifici e puntuali (cfr. “casi straordinari di necessità e d’urgenza”)».

Se è vero – prosegue il Giudice – che la decretazione d’urgenza potrebbe essere comunque adottata per incidere «su singole funzioni degli enti locali, su singoli aspetti della legislazione elettorale o su specifici profili della struttura e composizione degli organi di governo, secondo valutazioni di opportunità politica del Governo sottoposte al vaglio successivo del Parlamento» a contrario la trasformazione per decreto legge dell’intera disciplina ordinamentale di un ente locale territoriale, previsto e garantito dalla Costituzione, è logicamente e giuridicamente incompatibile con il dettato costituzionale «trattandosi di una trasformazione radicale dell’intero sistema».

È la Corte a notare, peraltro, come lo stesso Legislatore avesse implicitamente confermato tale contraddizione allorquando – con l’art. 1, co. 115, l. 228/2012 – aveva sospeso per un anno (i.e. fino al 31 dicembre 2013) l’efficacia delle norme del d.l. 201/2011: indi «tale ambiguità conferma la palese inadeguatezza dello strumento del decreto-legge a realizzare una riforma organica e di sistema, che non solo trova le sue motivazioni in esigenze manifestatesi da non breve periodo, ma richiede processi attuativi necessariamente protratti nel tempo, tali da poter rendere indispensabili sospensioni di efficacia, rinvii e sistematizzazioni progressive, che mal si conciliano con l’immediatezza di effetti connaturata al decreto-legge, secondo il disegno costituzionale».

Per vero la Corte ha cura di affermare che le superiori «considerazioni non incidono nel merito delle scelte compiute dal legislatore, né portano alla conclusione che sull’ordinamento degli enti locali si possa intervenire solo con legge costituzionale» e tuttavia non manca altresì di precisare che tale fonte sia comunque «indispensabile […] se si intenda sopprimere uno degli enti previsti dall’art. 114 Cost., o comunque si voglia togliere allo stesso la garanzia costituzionale»; certamente, si chiarisce, «non è utilizzabile il decreto-legge per introdurre nuovi assetti ordinamentali che superino i limiti di misure meramente organizzative».

A ciò si aggiungono poi – sempre sul piano formale – le considerazioni sulla procedura costituzionale per la modificazione delle singole circoscrizioni provinciali (art. 133, co. 1) nell’ambito della quale l’iniziativa dei Comuni interessati – che deve necessariamente precedere l’iniziativa legislativa in senso stretto – ed il parere, non vincolante, della Regione sono ritenute il «frutto di iniziative nascenti dalle popolazioni interessate, tramite i loro più immediati enti esponenziali» e non, invece, il «portato di decisioni politiche imposte dall’alto»; si ravvisa, così, una ulteriore incompatibilità logica e giuridica tra il decreto-legge «che presuppone che si verifichino casi straordinari di necessità e urgenza» e la necessaria iniziativa dei Comuni «che certamente non può identificarsi con le suddette situazioni di fatto, se non altro perché l’iniziativa non può che essere frutto di una maturazione e di una concertazione tra enti non suscettibile di assumere la veste della straordinarietà, ma piuttosto quella dell’esercizio ordinario di una facoltà prevista dalla Costituzione, in relazione a bisogni e interessi già manifestatisi nelle popolazioni locali».

Alla luce delle superiori considerazioni, la Corte costituzionale dichiara l’illegittimità costituzionale dei co. 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20 e 20 bis dell’art. 23, d.l. n. 201 del 2011, nonché degli artt. 17 e 18 del d.l. n. 95 del 2012.

Com’è evidente tale pronuncia, in uno con la 219, ha determinato ipso iure il crollo della sovrastruttura normativa edificata dal Governo-Legislatore nell’ultima fase della XVI Legislatura, resettando il corso delle riforme istituzionali – finalmente elevate al rango di interventi di revisione costituzionale – ed imponendo un ripensamento sulle procedure recentemente seguite per attuare il piano di razionalizzazione, soprattutto, del sistema economico-finanziario centrale e periferico. Ed infatti, sotto questo profilo, il semplice comunicato stampa del dispositivo della sentenza in oggetto aveva indotto il Governo ad adottare, nel C.d.M. del 5 luglio, un d.d.l. cost. per l’abolizione delle Province, stavolta mediante la modifica dell’art. 114 Cost.

Se, sul piano formale, tale iniziativa pare maggiormente aderente al “suggerimento” – o ammonimento – della Corte costituzionale, restano le perplessità sui contenuti della riforma e sulla coerenza complessiva del modello prescelto, rispetto all’obiettivo asseritamente perseguito: la razionalizzazione della forma di governo italiana, sub specie efficienza, stabilità e competitività. Il che però inerisce – evidentemente – a considerazioni di ordine più politico che giuridico.

Roberto Di Maria

Foto | Wikipedia.org

Annunci
Questa voce è stata pubblicata in Giurisprudenza costituzionale, Province, Regione Campania, Regione Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Regione Lazio, Regione Lombardia, Regione Molise, Regione Piemonte, Regione Sardegna, Regione Valle d'Aosta, Riforme e contrassegnata con , , , . Contrassegna il permalink.

62 risposte a [Corte cost., sent. 220/2013] La Corte costituzionale “suggerisce” (sommessamente) il percorso formale da seguire per procedere alle riforme istituzionali in materia di ordinamento degli Enti territoriali

  1. klement ha detto:

    Ridisegnare i territori come si creassero dal nulla provoca solo una guerra civile di tutti contro tutti. In Monferrato sono già in rivolta perché la nuova area Alessandria+Asti+Cuneo dovrebbe chiamarsi Langhe. Riformiamo le istituzioni, ma lasciamo stare la geografia.
    Si dovrebbe invece dare al Presidente della Provincia funzioni di Ufficiale del Governo come il Sindaco, in modo che basti una sola Prefettura per regione.
    Si potrebbe valutare l’idea di trasformare i Consigli provinciali in articolazioni del Consiglio regionale costituite dai Consiglieri eletti nei singoli territori

  2. pancakes wroclaw ha detto:

    Waiting as long as half an hour will result in significantly better tasting pancakes.
    Turn the pancakes over with a spatula and lightly brown the
    other side for about 2 minutes. But the truth is, that pancakes made from
    mix don’t taste as good as the one made from a scratch.

  3. artykuly biurowe ha detto:

    And there’s always someone willing to cut your
    throat for an eighth of a point. After your trial work period, you have 36 months during which you can work and still receive
    benefits for any month your earnings are not what they call “substantial”.
    If your business is not planned properly for every
    month of the year, the 12 month totals can not be met.

  4. Parts of your face will be accented and look very appealing.
    It comprises of skincare, hair care and other beauty segment which can include beauty products such as
    makeup, lipsticks, lip gloss etc. Smooth faces makes the air around very
    positive and confident people will act more stronger and agile with their projects.

  5. Krugerrand ha detto:

    Look for small ways to delight yourself with thoughtful attention. With this
    massive wave of people turning to the internet, you absolutely must acquire the
    skills, training and tools to succeed in today’s online
    business environment. If you’re sekling e-books that
    were written by others, read as many of them as you can so you’ll know the quality and details
    of the items you are selling.

  6. Boyle also developed “Boyle’s law” which states that the volume of a gas at a constant temperature is inversely
    proportional to the pressure put on it. Most of these adds
    will promise you an incredible about of income, for little or no work at all.
    Most of the college students wok in the hospitality
    industry.

  7. gotowe spółki ha detto:

    Using a standard Internet Protocol, or IP, these computers can transmit data around
    the world in a flash. ll have a lot of underperforming locations that will need to be relocated just to get up to $12.
    Gratefully, we have the internet and you can leverage this powerful tool to attract endless leads and distributors
    to your USANA business.

  8. www.dipity.com ha detto:

    But perhaps, I do not say enough to get her to stop or to
    notice how she is behaving. Here is something that may
    give you the incentive to take a closer look at this. This is the challenge
    to them; be healthy enough in order to have a
    rewarding sexual experience, even at an old age.

  9. meble biurowe ha detto:

    Then reap the benefits of the MLM alternatives that
    await you. Here’s the distinction that will ease those feelings.
    In addition, work interfaces, when well designed will result in predictable human behavior
    patterns that will be routine and systematic, thus resulting in a reduction of human error and the enhanced
    quality and consistency of worker performance.

  10. numizmatyka ha detto:

    They supply you with all the facts that you muset thoroughly
    deliberate and then support you in negotiating with the seller of the
    property to come to a price that would be fair for both parties.
    The present under construction works offer
    space of about 76. The sellers who is most informed and educated will often reap the best in real estate arm themselves with information.

  11. There will always be a handful that has reservations about employing workings mothers, even if it is not explicitly mentioned.

    Babysitting is commonly compensated for in nightly increments.
    Requirement#2: You have to have exceptional communication capabilities
    Excellent communication skills are a non-negotiable requirement for
    most employers.

  12. Most often in real estate market, multi tasking is
    important for escalating in thhe business. Article Source:
    for more details on how to work the system. For more detail about real
    estate courses, you can visit the websites of such organisations.

  13. Don’t wait for others to start a discussion or set up a meeting.
    Finally, the burned gases are forced out of the cylinder (blow)
    and into the exhaust stream. He has written many articles in various topics like Toll Free Number, 800 Numbers and Answering
    Service.

  14. Occasionally overlooked, conventional British food
    offers numerous superb dishes and extraordinary mixture from the diverse corners
    of the United Kingdom. They would greet you with a warm smile and direct
    you to a table according to the number of people accompanying you.
    A place which is well designed such as Black by Ezard Teage Ezard will
    give a soothing experience and ambiance and will surely let you
    achieve what you want most: traffic and loyal customers.

  15. And there’s always someone willing to cut your throat for an eighth of
    a point. After your trial work period, you have 36 months during which you can work and still receive benefits for any month your
    earnings are not what they call “substantial”. If your business
    is not planned properly for every month of the year, the 12 month totals can not be
    met.

  16. Some try to violate city rules or state regulations.
    The first way is to find a partner or two with deep pockets.
    After a few phone calls, Rick decided to invest in a flight to Los Angeles where
    my next class was taking place, and after the first few hours of the class, he was hooked.

  17. Our professionals study and analyze the industry and its various components, with comprehensive study of the changing market behavior.
    2) Looks splotchy if skin is not moisturized properly, but settles
    and creates an even look within an hour. There are several companies that claim that
    they are cruelty free cosmetics.

  18. steki wroclaw ha detto:

    If you suspect that your husband is having an affair and you want to know how to catch a cheating
    husband, this is the very first step you should take.
    Restaurant for sale by owner and cover cleaning is really that class of
    business. These aspects play a vital part in the success of your business.

  19. skup złota ha detto:

    Consumers in this day and age want to see a wide array of
    property listings on a real estate site, but that is not all.
    The length of the contingency period is also a consideration, as the shorter the
    period, the less it will negativly impact your opportunity to sell the property to another buyer.
    In thiss manner you will kno the quantity of money which you are going to have to buy the home.

  20. Unlike for-profit business plans, some elements of a non-profit business plan may need to be rewritten and revised when its time to fund a program, project, or when seeking angel funders.
    You need to know exactly how to spot the scams and you need to realize that you
    will have to work quite hard to keep your business going.
    The primary sources for these statements are the Marketing Plan and the Manpower and Capital Expenditure Plan drawn up as
    explained in the Parts 2 and 3 of this series.

  21. The above BIble scripture is what I consider to be the overall goal of a
    social worker. In order to overcome this, learn how to look out for
    yourself. Net Employment Ezine, Free Work At Home Jobs Ezine.

  22. Wipe the conditioner and dye off your face, neck or hands with an old,
    clean cotton cloth. If you can’t find a hair color remover at your local drugstore you may need to head to a beauty supply store.
    Since thin hair becomes dirty quicker, those with fine-textured hair must shampoo more often — even though
    fine hair snaps off more easily.

  23. You unleash your creative juices, you unleash your creative powers.
    If food is served in a prim and proper, the appetite of the foodies
    increase manifold. Finally, more than 20 sauces are available to complete your gourmet treat.

  24. These are matters that partners should talk about before purchasing of a real estate Philippines.
    The length of the contingncy period is also a consideration, as the shorter the
    period, the less it will negatively impact your opportunity tto sell the property to another buyer.
    In this manner you will know the quanfity of money which you are going to have to buy the home.

  25. American Shepherd’s pie is similar to the traditional shepherd’s
    pie. And National Hamburger Day is so popular, it is actually celebraged
    several times a year. The second part of thhe main body iis very difficult to write, as yyou are commenting
    upon different aspects of female dominated leadership.

  26. Look for small ways to delight yourself with thoughtful attention. The extent of pressure and tension that this people carry is tremendous and for this
    they require regular stress management pprograms thhat
    consists of hypnosis, relaxation etc. There are many sites tjat would be requiring person with skills as yours and you can provide them service without
    going anywhere.

  27. krugerrand ha detto:

    To resolve this issue, you must choose and purchase a domain name if you, already, do not have one.
    First I will start off by addressing the 3 main weaknesses that come with owning a family business.
    This shows that customers from Argentina do not embrace American supermarkets and hence Wal-Mart is facing a very big problem.

  28. To determine is the skin is prone to allergies; a patch test should first be performed.
    This alone allows them the data and knowledge to mix
    in innovation among each aspect of their business together with their packaging, product development, producing,
    and the observe of multi-cultural marketing of their color cosmetics.

    Side One: From the Shiseido cosmetics company in Japan Kamakura factory
    production management: Shiseido is Japan’s largest cosmetics company, is also the Chinese people are most
    familiar with Japanese cosmetics company.

  29. kupie spolke ha detto:

    This will surely come in very handy when their birthdays roll around.
    Check out the ‘Sporting Goods’ category, the ‘Exercise & Fitness’ subcategory,
    and go from there. Even though medical transcription was mentioned in my article about
    home based business scams, there are some legitimate opportunities available.

  30. vmessage5264 ha detto:

    Just be sure you have enough money with you to pay for at least two months
    of living expenses before you do. As misconceived the
    whole notion of hypnosis may be, it all boils down to creating change from the inside out.
    Again, just make sure it is real people on the forum.

  31. ceny zlota ha detto:

    Bo według danych historycznych złoto w żaden sposób
    nie chroni przed inflacją.

  32. I’ve caried small artwork with me that I then put on my hotel desk or night table.
    Thee extent of pressure and tension that this people carry is tremendous and for this they require regular
    stress management programs that consists of hypnosis, relaxation etc.
    -Scope off China Business Broad Market Range and Manufacturing Potential.

  33. numizmatyka ha detto:

    Otóż dlatego, że srebro jest w ogromnych ilościach wykorzystywane i zużywane w przemyśle.

  34. Anyone considering launching a home-based business is in good company.
    Motivated by this improving demand for services with regard to Business
    Intelligence applications, a large number of
    suppliers tend to be establishing new items, concentrated both upon huge organizations as well as small businesses.

    This is true especially if your business settles on providing
    services to customers.

  35. If you want a bigger set, opt for a 12 to 15-piece set
    which will include important cookware in varying sizes to take
    care of all your cooking needs. My own opinion about the relation between the carbohydrates and this
    diet:. Hence if you are looking to go to any of the steak houses nyc make sure that you read
    the customers review before approaching them.

  36. Many people have jobs assembling electronics in the comfort of their homes.

    You can do this with a work breakdown structure – if you can find
    the right template for your project. Before you do any group
    work, tell students exactly what type of behavior is expected.

  37. Many first time self-made millionaires and multi-millionaires over the last five years have used affiliate marketing as a part
    of their strategy for wealth creation. First, make
    it a priority to watch your energy pattern during the
    day. Prints should be allowed only when required absolutely.

  38. Burgery wrocłAw ha detto:

    The approach that the owners can proceed with can come only when they
    think in favour of the guest on an individual level.
    The menu includes: Appetizers, Soups, Chilis and Salads, Burgers
    and Sandwiches, and the main Entrees. Other features that users find very satisfactory in these mobile apps
    are push notifications and mobile coupons.

  39. Move the stitch marker to the top of the ch st of the ch-3 on this
    round. This will ensure your hair get the protection it needs.

    Variations of the gene determine whether a person will have curly or straight
    hair.

  40. Keep in mind that proper training is definitely a
    must. A very important thing that you can do to
    find the best cost on an automobile would be to shop around all of the sellers in your area.
    If the affiliate marketing programme is able to offer you customer and tech support combined with a high quality product to work with,
    your efforts at promoting and growing your audience should deliver expected results quickly.

  41. pancakes wroclaw ha detto:

    Now for those who love waffles, Cuisinart makes waffle grills to
    fit this baker, but must be purchased separately.

    Peanut butter chips and butterscotch chips work well. Of course, you can use fresh ingredients but it’s best to use rice that has been kept in the fridge overnight for best results.

  42. maseczka do wlosow ha detto:

    Against Miss Luo, who proposed what about
    the beauty salon and beautician named director Amy introduced to customers regarding the high cost of the so-called metaphysical
    beauty, Qin Assistant clear that Miss He was
    recruited by the boss until this year, director of marketing, but
    because rarely ask the store owner’s specific circumstances, so a
    lot of things in the complaints received after Miss Luo know what to bring so much beauty director to disputes
    before the boss has his dismissal. LED tail lights are not only famous
    for their beauty also famous because they are high tech.
    As the name suggests facial treatments are restricted to the face area only.

  43. Although this type of advertising may be a lower cost
    solution compared to traditional advertising,
    using tools such as social media can pay huge dividends when handled properly.
    Once your e-waste is disassembled and sorted, you are going to
    want to profit from your hard work. Secondly, a
    good plumbing business card should contain readable font.

  44. User’s find scrolling from the top to the bottom of your pages,
    more clear to view and easy to read. That is why your target
    clients would not part with it that easily. Plus, as time goes by, those
    information assets will grow.

  45. It’s the perfect companion to our Ultimate Body Applicator.
    Think of a time when you felt thoroughly relaxed and happy.

    Lifestyle choices such as smoking and taking drugs
    can directly have an adverse effect on a person.

  46. At a high level you must prioritize positions that maintain product flow, sales and service, marketing,
    customer relationships, and accounting practices to process money
    and keep an eye on costs and cash flow. Reiki practitioners do not attach themselves
    to any outcome. The hidden camera becomes a mobile device and can simply be placed in a room and plugged in.

  47. There are plenty of home businesses making 6-7 figures. The line has several components and the manufacturer demands that you get a whole line (all the
    various products in that one pair of fragrances).
    Language barrier, it is had to pass a communication between two different culture without having one major language, if the
    two groups doesn.

  48. W momencie kupna spółki do umowy kupujący wskazuje PKD, zgodne z rodzajem planowanej przez niego działalności.

  49. You unleash your creative juices, you unleash
    your creative powers. Fast food is highly processed
    and you will find that your own renditions of your favorite burger is much more appetizing.
    Serving Size: 1 Entree Calories: 577 Total Fat:
    54g Carbs: 1g Protein: 34g.

  50. gotowe spółki ha detto:

    That is how network marketing was done back in the 60’s, 70’s and 80’s.
    Business phone service is essential because even when you.
    You have worked long hours and missed family functions.

  51. pancakes wroclaw ha detto:

    The way Burger Bustle works is a bit different
    from other time management games though, giving it a unique feel and freshness.
    The shares, up 24 per cent in the year to date,
    attracted heavy short-selling interest last year from investors betting that welfare cuts,
    pushed through as part of the Government’s austerity programme, would
    hit Provident hard. It is one of the principal items in the Spongebob Concept.

  52. Warranty: Warranties may vary depending on the type of chair
    that is purchased. As you start out on your weight loss journey,
    the waist trimmer will help you with your self-confidence.
    It sounds like a huge challenge but the more you find to love about the person you’re dating the
    more reasons you’ll find to want to keep dating.

  53. These clothes are made to improve your shape because they suck you in, smoothing
    your shape. Marketing professional with more than 10 years of experience in different products & services,
    widely networked by which successfully launched and introduced
    some of the leading brands in India, Consumer durables,
    Fashion online Products For More Details :. Finding the very best, proper and fairly as well as measurement prom
    dress may possibly appear like a daunting job.

  54. Failure to keep paying the mortgage may result in your home being
    repossessed. A Chapter 7 filing will discharge your debts, except
    for alimony and child support, federally insured student loans, criminal and traffic fines, state and federal taxes due
    within the last three years, and debts that resulted from willful malicious
    acts. Just enter the auction details in the easy-to-use biding
    control panel and then get ready for that package to arrive at your door.

  55. Pingback: cheats for poptropica cryptids part 4

  56. construction firms ha detto:

    We have in-house personnel with expertise ranging from Project Management, concrete, carpentry,
    electrical, plumbing, and general construction. Lone Star also specializes in complete remodels.

  57. Pingback: Progain Reviews

  58. Pingback: madu penyubur kandungan al mabruroh asli

  59. Pingback: madu penyubur kandungan asli

  60. Pingback: Tonye Cole

  61. Pingback: dr oz anti aging

  62. Pingback: haha.t15.org

I commenti sono chiusi.